The ’80s generally can be broken into two parts new wave in the beginning and pop/hair/glam-metal for the end. As the popularity of new waves second wave began to decline in the mid ’80s, hard rock bands, mostly out of the Los Angeles club circuit, like Motley Crue and Ratt, started to fill the vacancy. Boosted by ever increasing airplay on MTV (even creating the metal-centric Headbangers Ball), these rockers with their penchant for guitar hooks, elaborate fashion, makeup, and wild hair topped the charts, sold millions of records, and received a lions share of radio airplay for much of the latter half of the decade.
Beginning as pop metal, the most commercial of the heavy metal sounds, the music was centered on the guitar via catchy riff-driven hooks and indulgent solos. The music and song structure was an extension of the hard rock of ’70s bands like Aerosmith and the partying of Van Halen, with the theatrics and flair of artists such as Kiss and Alice Cooper (all of whom had minor comebacks as a result of the genres popularity). Glam rock pioneers like T. Rex, New York Dolls, and Gary Glitter would also lend a bit of their aesthetic influence, especially in regards to the androgynous look, first presented by Finnish band Hanoi Rock, and adopted by the majority of pop-metal bands. Because of the slick productions, overindulgent attitudes, and tendency to favor style over substance, many critics and fans of the harder metal bands began to refer to most pop metal bands as hair metal, deriving their derision from the backcombed, frizzed-out, aqua-netted hairstyles associated with their glam brethren. Hair metal was a somewhat derogatory term when first applied to pop metal to describe the look of these bands and this style of rock. However, upon the release of Bon Jovis Slippery When Wet in 1986, and subsequently thereafter, the term was positively associated.
As the decade winded down, hair metal had became the largest, most commercially successful brand of music in the United States. Once the juggernauts that were Slippery When Wet, Def Leppards Hysteria, and Guns N Roses Appetite For Destruction rocketed up the charts and became ubiquitous on U.S. radio, proving the extreme marketability (and profitability) of these bands and music, the industry did what it always does; it cloned the shit out of the popular sound until it was horribly diluted and a pale comparison to the original. Just like with hip-hop in the late ’90s or the merging of punk-pop and emo to the point of singularity in the early ’00s, hair metal was another recipient of the music industrys tendency to overindulge. The overcrowding of the scene with bands indistinguishable from each other and the arrival of grunge on the main stage via Nirvanas Nevermind in 1991 led to the swift decline of hair metal in terms of sales, popularity, radio play, and most importantly, relevance.
What happened to all of these bands after the fall of the hair-metal? Penelope Spheeris documentary The Decline of Western Civilization Part II: The Metal Years gave us some insight into the culture, lifestyle, and decadence that contributed to the fall. And from the annals of VH1, we have been fortunate enough to go Behind the Music for a number of the major artists like Motley Crue, Guns N’ Roses, and Poison, but what about the B-listers? The bands that had one hit, maybe two if they were lucky? The bands that wouldnt have had careers had it not been for MTV, the ones that looked the part far more than they sounded it: Where are those bands now? Many are still together to some degree, touring since their record sales profits have long since dwindled. Package tours featuring many of these artists on the same bill have maintained a moderate level of popularity in the U.S.. Some have found continued adoration from European audiences, while others have simply just gone on to other things. The style even had a bit of a revival in the early ’00s with bands like the English outfit The Darkness.
Before I begin I want to set my disclaimer I purposely avoided talking about the monster acts Guns N’ Roses, Motley Crue, Bon Jovi, and a few others for obvious reasons. Most of those acts are still in the public conscious, and because of the success of those bands, coverage on them has been pretty well done. With that said, there are some others missing Skid Row, Cinderella, Dokken, for example. I left them out because, though they may not have been as big as the others mentioned, they still managed a better career than most. It’s those lesser known B-listers and second-third-tier hair metal bands that I wanted to discuss.
I chose to start with the Bulletboys because the mystique surrounding their career had it that they had just signed a multi-million dollar contract right before the grunge explosion rendered them virtually irrelevant. The Bulletboys began their career in the Los Angeles metal circuit of the late ’80s, forming in 1987 and releasing their self-titled debut a year later. Over the years, the band has had almost 30 members, with the only constant being singer and former Ratt guitarist Marq Torien. Originally the band was compared to and even hyped as the next Van Halen, mostly due to Toriens look and performance as well as the bands use of producer Ted Templeman, who had produced the Roth-era VH albums. Over the course of the ’90s, Torien continued with various lineups to produce albums about every other year, ending in 1995. It was another eight years until Torien with other original member, bassist Lonnie Vencent, would release an album, 2003s Sophie. In 2009, Torien used the Bulletboys name again to release 10c (Ten cent) Billionaire, an album described as the heaviest release yet from the band but still maintaining the Van Halen collides with Pop Metal sound. Most recently the band has had some of its music appear in films like Beerfest and Hot Tub Time Machine, which ironically features a song (Smooth Up In Ya) that was recorded two years after the events of the movie.
Vixen originally formed in 1980 in Los Angeles. After punching and fighting their way through the club circuit, the four (all female) members of Vixen paid more than their share of dues on the climb to pop metal stardom, only to briefly taste success prior to Seattles emergence. In 1987, the same year that Appetite for Destruction dropped and the Bulletboys signed, Vixen got their big break after signing with EMI. As with the Bulletboys, a year later the band released their self-titled debut. Riding on the success of the single Edge of a Broken Heart (actually written by non-metalhead AOR poster boy Richard Marx), Vixen sold millions of CDs only to tank with their follow up Rev It Up (1990). The album was released prior to the likes of Pearl Jam and Nirvana, and had some songs considered better or stronger than what was on the debut, but with the rise of alternative taking over and EMIs reluctance to promote the band, Vixen initially dissolved in 1991.
In 1997, original drummer Roxy Petrucci and original lead vocalist/rhythm guitarist Janet Gardner reformed Vixen with Gina Style replacing founding guitarist Jan Kuehnemund and Rana Ross replacing original bass player Share Pedersen (who would eventually be replaced by Petruccis sister, Maxine). This version of Vixen continued to tour throughout 1997 and 1998 in support of the album Tangerine. This reunion was cut short after original guitarist Kuehnemund sued the band for copyright infringement. After mending the fences between Kuehnemund and the other members of Vixen, the band planned another reunion. As of 2001, a second reunion occurred with Kuehnemund, Gardner, and Roxy Petrucci coming together with new bass player Pat Holloway. The band joined the Voices of Metal package tour only to split up midway during the tour. All the members except Kuehnemund left, forcing her to reform the band almost immediately. This lineup went on to release three live albums between 2006 and 2009.
Named after Russ Meyers Faster Pussycat, Kill! Kill! the band lived up the over-sexed action sexploitation pics of Meyer, delivering a version of glam metal that can only be referred to as sleaze. Personally, Faster Pussycats self-titled debut album was one of my favorites in high school and features glammed up sleazy pop-metal perfect for the low brow humor of a teenage boy. The release of FPs second album, Wake Me When Its Over, in 1990 would go on to be the bands most successful album; however, while on tour supporting the album, original drummer Mark Michals was arrested for attempting to mail heroin to his hotel room. He was immediately replaced by Quiet Riots drummer, Frankie Banali, to finish the tour, with Brett Bradshaw taking over duties afterward. The band would record a third full-length, Whipped!, in 1992 and break up the following year. The odd thing was that this album, though not a groundbreaking event in the least, presented a band far more confident in their abilities and for all intents and purposes featured a band at their creative peak.
The first reunion of the band occurred in 2001 with three original members and three new members pulled from other projects the original members were involved in after the initial breakup. When original member Greg Steele left mid-tour, Tracii Guns of LA Guns filled in. This lineup continued until 2005 when original guitarist Brent Muscat was diagnosed with throat cancer. His replacement on this tour began a long and heated feud between founding vocalist Taime Downe and Muscat. This feud went so far as to have two bands performing and touring under the Faster Pussycat name, with Muscat eventually conceding and has since gone under the moniker Sin City Sinners. Downes version of the band released a far more heavy electro-sounding album with 2007s The Power and the Glory Hole, a title indicative of the bands ongoing puerile sense of humor. In 2008, Faster Pussycat toured with the latest incarnation of Tracii Guns L.A. Guns and as of 2009, released the bands first live album. Unfortunately, the live album is from the present day, with the current line-up doing the old school line-up’s hits, so consider yourself warned.
Like many of the second wave pop/hair-metal bands, Bang Tango formed in 1987. However, unlike many of their peers, the members of Bang Tango infused funk into their sound to create a groovier, bass driven metal sound. Despite the moderate success of BTs debut Psycho Café and MTV exposure via the single Someone Like You”, the band never crossed over. Unlike many of their contemporaries, the members of Bang Tango managed to hammer it out during the Seattle Years when hair-metal was more ridiculed than heralded. The band first broke up in 1995 only to reform a year later and again in 1999 after disbanding for a second time in 1998. In 2002, founding member Joe Leste formed a new version of the band, essentially using a continuous string of lesser known musicians to fill the supporting roles. He would later go on to sing with L.A. Guns for a brief stint. Original bass player Kyle Kyle went on to form the Newlydeads with Faster Pussycat singer Taime Downe, while original guitarist Mark Knight formed Gravy in 2002, releasing their debut Bones in 2003.
Behind all the Beavis and Butthead mockery and all that swarthiness that Kip Winger exudes, especially in Wingers hit Seventeen”, there is a classically trained musician, who, at 16, mailed a demo tape to the Alan Parsons Project (he eventually did sing with the band in 2006 at a Michigan festival). Through his work with producer Beau Hill, Winger managed to score a co-songwriting credit for the song Bang Bang (Balls of Fire) featured on Kix third release Midnite Dynamite. Continued session work, including backing vocals for Twisted Sister, eventually led him to join Alice Cooper in 1985. Also joining Cooper was guitarist Reb Beach. If you can guess which year they left Alice Cooper to form Winger, you win a prize.
In 1987, bassist Kip Winger and guitarist Beach left Coopers band; along with Paul Taylor on guitar, also a former Cooper band member, and former Dixie Dregs drummer Rod Morgenstein, the four men formed Sahara. As with many good things, they come in small packages. This one thing was that the name Sahara, as unbelievably amazingly so far out rocking a name as it is, was already taken. That it took Alice Cooper to suggest the band use Wingers name may even say a little about the band or at least Wingers humility. Winger released its self-titled debut the following year to strong success, scoring two major and two minor hits, including Seventeen and Headed for a Heartbreak”. After touring in support of Winger, the band put out its second LP, In the Heart of the Young, and immediately went back out on the road. The constant touring took its toll on Taylor, who dropped out citing exhaustion.
Wingers third album, Pull, was actually recorded as a three-piece (though on tour Taylors role was filled by John Roth) and released in 1993 in the midst of the backlash against pop/glam metal acts. Both a critical and commercial meh, the album failed to achieve the multi-platinum sales of the first two albums. After the supporting tour, the band essentially faded away. The first reunion, in 2001, included all five members who played in Winger. They recorded a new song to be included on an upcoming greatest-hits collection and embarked on a reunion tour the following year.
Without Taylor, a reformed Winger recorded Winger IV in 2006 with a short two week tour or Europe to support the album and their fifth album, Karma, in 2009. However, John Roth left the band in 2010, once again leaving a trio in place, so whos to say whats next.
Kix was unfairly lumped in with many hair metal acts simply because they rocked with melody, hooks, and hair. Since they were categorized then, we can continue to group them in now. Kix differed from most pop/hair metal acts in that they heralded from Hagerstown, MD and they formed in (drumroll please) 1981! Yes, a whole six years before the immense oversaturation would occur. It was probably through their work with producer Beau Hill, who also worked with bands like Ratt and Warrant.
Kix released its self-titled debut in 1981 with a follow-up, Cool Kids, in 1983. When it came time for their third release, Beau Hill entered the picture. Hill transformed Kix sound into hard rock with an occasional touch of funk. The new sound on Midnite Dynamite pushed Kix into the hair metal arena. This album also featured a song co-written by Kip Winger, additional drumming provided by Anton Fig and glam metal guitarist Mike Slamer.
The band then migrated to Los Angeles to capitalize on the current popularity of the genre only to find themselves face to face with not only a million other glam rock bands, but their doppelganger, Poison. While in LA, Kix vocalist Steve Whiteman did vocal work with Twisted Sister alongside Kip Winger. In 1988, they released Blow My Fuse which became the bands first platinum-selling album, featuring the anti-suicide ballad Dont Close Your Eyes.
Despite the eventual success the band found, it was short lived. Kix would become involved in contract disputes and debt issues with their label, Atlantic Records, and would not release another album until 1991 on East West Records. By the time Kix legal issues were settled and Hot Wire was released, grunge had already established a presence. Eventually, Atlantic dropped Kix in 1994, forcing them to release their final album, $how Bu$ine$$, on Sanctuary Records subsidiary CMC International and disband in 1995.
In 2003, a new version of Kix reformed without band leader Donnie Purnell, playing various reunion shows. In 2008, Kix played the Rocklahoma festival as well as two M3 festivals and an all day ’80s Day for a hometown audience at Merriweather Post Pavilion in 2010.
Warrant officially formed in 1984 in Los Angeles. However, that magical year of 1987 proved a bit harsh for Warrant. In 1987, the band recorded a demo for Paisley Park Records, only to have the option to sign purchased by A&M Records. What sounded like a dream deal turned sour when the song the band recorded for Bill and Teds Excellent Adventure was pulled and the label allowed the option to lapse. But somebody up there must have liked them, because in 1988, Columbia Records signed Warrant and released Dirty Rotten Filthy Stinkin Rich. The album went multi-platinum on the success of three singles, including Down Boys and Heaven. Their 1990 follow up, Cherry Pie, would go on to be their most famous record, due in part to the popularity of the title tracks video featuring porn actress Bobbi Brown. The album also featured a final track called Ode to Tipper Gore that a collection of all the cussing the band would do during its live performances. As expected, the inclusion of this track forced the album to carry a Parental Advisory sticker.
Throughout the 90s, Warrant underwent massive lineup changes, including losing vocalist Jani Lane. They recorded a few albums that failed to chart, eventually releasing Greatest & Latest in 1999 featuring three new songs. The band continued to record albums into the 2000s to little critical or commercial significance with another possibly slated for 2011. Touring in the reunion festivals included an appearance at the Rocklahoma festival in 2007 and 2008, although a tour with Cinderella in 2008 was canceled due to Cinderella singer Tom Keifer suffering a vocal cord injury.
Vocalist Jani Lane left and returned so often it might as well have been considered a costume change. His revolving door membership would continue on into the 2000s with the eventual confirmation in 2008 that he was out of the band. After his 2004 departure, he tried to tour with the Warrant logo and was forced to cancel his tour by threat of lawsuit from the other band members. Lane has since gone on to be in Black N Blue and various solo outings.
Great White started off in 1981 in Hollywood, getting signed by EMI in 1983. With the release of their 1984 debut, the band toured the UK with Whitesnake and the U.S. and Canada supporting Judas Priest. Capitol Records reissued the band’s first EP and followed with a tour supporting Dokken. While on Capitol, the band would release their two biggest selling albums, Once Bitten and Twice Shy, the latter of which received a Grammy nomination. The hit single Once Bitten Twice Shy was huge, but it was the B-side Wasted Rock Ranger that sticks in my memory, with its humorous rattling off of every drug consumed years long before QotSAs Josh Homme would on Feel Good Hit of the Summer.
Moderate success in the early ’90s would eventually have the band cut from Capitols roster. The latter part of the decade saw them bouncing around from indie labels like Zoo or Imago, and ending the decade on a huge glam metal tour with bands such as Ratt and Poison. The new millennium did not start well for Great White, with all but one original member leaving by the end of 2000, and the bands end was a final farewell show on New Years Eve 2001.
Tragedy brought the band back into mainstream attention when in 2003, at the Station night club in Rhode Island, a fire broke out during the bands performance, killing one hundred people including guitarist Ty Longley. The band performing was not the actual band Great White but a version that founding member Jack Russell had been touring under. The real band did reunite to perform and raise money for the victims of the fire, doing so until 2005, when Russells cocaine and alcohol problems forced the band to cancel a summer tour. The classic lineup reunited again in 2007 for a reunion tour, with bassist Sean McNabb eventually leaving to join a modern lineup in Dokken. Since then, Great White released Rising in 2009 on Frontiers, the same label Winger is currently on.
If when looking at images of Britny Fox you think you are looking at Cinderella, you arent alone. The band intentionally copped Cinderellas look. Both bands were from Philadelphia, with BF splitting for the West Coast in 1985. In fact, one of Cinderellas guitarists, Michael Kelly Smith, left to join Britny Fox after their move, and Cinderella even helped the band get signed.
Their self-titled debut came out in 1988 with the hits Girlschool and In America. The cover to this album is almost sadly hysterical in hindsight, with the cover cut into four vertical panels each featuring a band member and his hair. As the decade ended, the band produced rather forgettable albums, eventually replacing singer Dizzy Dean on their 1991 release Bite Down Hard. The band called it a day in 1992. However, the new century brought a reunion in 2001 and an album in 2003, the tougher sounding Springhead Motorshark. As of 2007 original bass player Billy Childs reformed Britny Fox with new and old members, not including original vocalist Dean “Dizzy” Davidson.
Mid ’80s Memphis wasnt necessarily a hospitable place for a metal band; however, Tora Tora managed to succeed against the odds to become a moderately successful and only slightly generic band. A&M Records signed them in 1989, releasing their debut Surprise! Attack. Unlike other A&M signee Warrant, Tora Tora did get onto that Bill and Teds Excellent Adventure soundtrack. However, the mild success of the debut and the appearance on the soundtrack did nothing to help with the bands second release 1992s Wild America. Despite more mature songwriting, the album failed to break Billboards Top 100. To make matters worse, their third album, Revolution Day, never saw the light of day due to label restructuring.” By 1994, the band broke up, shortly after missing the release date for their third effort. This break up lasted until 2008, when they decided to celebrate the 20th anniversary of their deal with A&M and the release of Surprise! Attack with a reunion performance in their hometown. Following this performance, they reunited again at – you guessed it – Rocklahoma 2008 and again in 2009 for a show in Nashville. After a successful series of performances, the band signed to Nashville label FNA Records in 2009 and released three albums that year!
As much as Britny Fox was a Cinderella wannabe, it might be said that Trixter tried to emulate another hugely successful glam metal band Bon Jovi. Both bands formed around the same time; however, Trixter, with their far weaker and less than memorable song output, failed to find the success that Bon Jovi did early on. In 1988, after heading to Hollywood to capitalize on the glam metal/hair metal popularity, the band managed to catch MCA Records attention. At the time, MCA was horribly behind other major labels when it came to having a good hard rock roster. The label mostly involved itself with urban contemporary at the time so it did what any label that found itself behind the curve would do. It proceeded to gather and sign as many sound-alike, look-alike bands that fit the profile of what was successful. Needless to say, it was a piss poor attempt at cashing in quick.
The bands self titled debut appeared in 1990 with a few minor hits like Give It To Me Good and One In a Million. By this time, the overall sound of hair metal had become pretty generic, and Trixter did nothing to change that perception. Their second album, Hear!, came out in the fall of 1992, but failed to capture even a hint of the Gold status that the debut album was awarded. After a dismal album release and a mediocre tour with Kiss, MCA saw the error of their ways, and amidst the grunge movement, dropped Trixter in 1994. Later that year, the band recorded a covers album for independent label Backstreet, only to officially dissolve a year later.
Just when we thought we found a band that stayed broken up, they take it away from us. Trixter decided to join the bandwagon in 2007 and in 2008 and toured the nation on their “Give It To You Good” tour. The reunion lasted five performances, including Rocklahoma 2008. The band returned to the studio in 2009 to record new material for their first full new release since 1994 with a release date set for early 2010. So far, still no album.
White Lion formed in New York City in 1983 when Danish singer Mike Tramp moved to America and met up with guitarist Vito Bratta. Struggling to find a solid rhythm section, the band eventually solidified with the addition of Nicki Capozzi and Felix Robinson, both of whom would leave the band after recording the bands debut album, Fight To Survive for Elektra Records. To add salt to the wound, Elektra hated the albums final recording and refused to release it, ending their contract, which opened the door for Capozzi and Robinson to leave.
Greg DAngelo of Anthrax took over drums while Dave Spitz (brother of Anthrax guitarist Dan Spitz) took over bass. Spitz would soon leave the band as well to go on and play with Black Sabbath and eventually Great White. With James LoMenzo replacing Spitz, Tramp and Bratta once again had a solid line-up. In the fall of 1985, this lineup re-recorded the initial debut and RCA records released it in Japan. For a U.S. release, the band joined up with indie label Grand Slam Records, which would go out of business less than three months later.
Three years would go by from the initial recording of Fight To Survive and the bands big break. In that year of years, 1987, Atlantic Records saw the dollar signs throughout Mike Tramps golden locks and signed the band, allowing them to record their followup (and biggest hitting) album, Pride. Containing the hit singles Wait, Tell Me, and When the Children Cry”, the album eventually took off, with the latter reaching a peak chart position at number three. Pride went on to sell over two million records.
Immediately going into the follow up album after the Pride tour resulted in a record that started with a blast and quickly faded. Propelled by the single Little Fighter, which also was donated to a Greenpeace compilation, and a cover of Golden Earrings Radar Love, kept the band in the mainstreams attention, however sales were nowhere near that of Pride, barely resulting in gold record sales. After the release of their fourth album, Main Attraction, citing dismal sales and creative differences,” LoMenzo and DAngelo left the band. Despite filling the empty slots with Tommy Caradonna and Jimmy DeGrasso (who would leave to join Megadeth), Tramp and Bratta dissolved the band in 1991.
The ’90s saw the various members do other projects unrelated to White Lion and managed to stay out of each others hair and avoid any legal disputes. That is until Tramp decided to re-form White Lion in 1999. Releasing Remembering White Lion, the album, with a new line-up, featured new versions of the bands older songs. In 2003, Tramp announced a reunion with the 1987 classic lineup only to be denied by other members, in particular, Bratta, who claimed he wanted nothing to do with a reunion.” The refusal to reunite posed a problem for Tramp, who had already confirmed a series of European festival dates. Grabbing LoMenzo and DeGrasso, Tramp rounded out his lineup with former Ratt guitarist Warren De Martini. At this point Bratta claimed a partial ownership of the White Lion name and forced the tour to fold after filing suit.
In 2005, Tramp tried again this time calling the band Tramps White Lion, which was often seen on fliers and billings as White Lion 2. In the summer of 2007, further legal threats from Bratta forced this new White Lion to cancel a tour with Poison and Ratt; however, they did appear at the hair band festival of all festivals, Rocklahoma, that same summer. With Tramp as the only original member, the band released Return of the Pride, their first album in over 15 years.
Dangerous Toys are an anomaly in the hair metal world when compared to other acts. Hailing from Austin, TX, the group turned to its roots of dirty, raw Southern rock to brand a different side to hard rock and hair metal. In the golden year of 1987, the band came to fruition, and signed a year later to Columbia, releasing their self-titled debut to moderate success. The singles Teas N Please N and Scared helped the album go gold. Though, much like plenty of the acts we’ve talked about here, the band failed to beat the sophomore slump. A lackluster follow up, Hellacious Acres underperformed, debuting with weak sales, which led to the cancellation of a summer tour with metal heavies like Judas Priest, Motorhead, and Alice Cooper. As a result, CBS axed the band from the label.
Musical chairs amongst the members filled the space between albums in the early ’90s. It was around this time that I actually saw them opening for Bonham who was opening for the Cult on the main acts Sonic Temple tour in 1989. When the third album Pissed hit streets, fans were hit with a much angrier, harsher sounding band than the one that delivered Teas N Please N. This album, and its followup The R-tist 4-merly Known as Dangerous Toys, both failed to chart, with a slight fan backlash against the latter album. Despite a live album release in 1999, the band had effectively broken up.
In the 2000s, Dangerous Toys would occasionally reunite for one-off reunion shows, mostly around Austin. Despite reunion shows every year since 2005, they still have not played the Rocklahoma fest.
1) Everything somehow centers around 1987 be it band formation, big label contract, hit album/single, MTV awareness.
2) The majority of bands couldnt handle the grunge revolution and effectively became irrelevant to the mass music consuming public, resulting in shitty albums, pissy attitudes, and general doucheyness.
3) More often than not, someone in the broken up band would try and reform the band without key individuals prompting lawsuits and eventual tour cancellations.
4) For some reason, the majority of these dissolved acts felt that the 2000s were granting them a free pass to try and revive faded and failed careers though thankfully, the spandex was left in the past.
5) Rocklahoma Fest seems to be a showcase for these bands reuniting and granting them a stage to whip their thinning, body-less long hair to a crowd of feathered-haired audience members thinking that it was 1987 all over again.
Now to answer the big question, “Whatever happened to all those hair metal bands?” Answer: They’re all on tour…somewhere!